ЕВРОПЕЙСКОЕ АГЕНТСТВО АВИАЦИОННОЙ БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ (EASA)
- Ensure the highest common level of safety protection for EU citizens
- Ensure the highest common level of environmental protection
- Single regulatory and certification process among Member States
- Facilitate the internal aviation single market & create a level playing field
- Work with other international aviation organisations & regulators
- Draft implementing rules in all fields pertinent to the EASA mission
- Certify & approve products and organisations, in fields where EASA has exclusive competence (e.g. airworthiness)
- Provide oversight and support to Member States in fields where EASA has shared competence (e.g. Air Operations , Air Traffic Management)
- Promote the use of European and worldwide standards
- Cooperate with international actors in order to achieve the highest safety level for EU citizens globally (e.g. EU safety list, Third Country Operators authorisations)
International cooperation explained:
As globalisation advances, aviation safety is increasingly a cooperative, global effort. EASA partners with civil aviation authorities, regional and international organisations alike, in order to enhance aviation safety worldwide, support the free movement of European products and services and promote European and global safety standards.
- Bilateral agreements and Working Arrangements
- Cooperation with ICAO
- Technical cooperation
- International offices
Bilateral Agreements and Working Arrangements
EASA works at facilitating the free movement of European products and services worldwide. It assists non-European authorities when they certify European products and services. Reciprocally, it issues European certificates for non-European products. The legal tools to do so are bilateral agreements and Working Arrangements.
A Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement (BASA) is signed between the EU (and its Member States) and a non-EU country. It is used when the cooperation between the two sides aims at the mutual acceptance of certificates. EASA supports the European Commission during the negotiation and implementation of such agreements. So far, the EU has concluded a BASA with the US, Canada and Brazil.
A Working Arrangement (WA) is usually signed between EASA and the authority of a non-EU country, or a regional or international organisation. It covers matters of technical nature. It is typically used to facilitate EASA’s certification tasks or the validation by a foreign authority of EASA certificates. Unlike BASAs, WAs do not allow for the mutual recognition of certificates. EASA directly negotiates and concludes such arrangements.
Cooperation with the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)
EASA maintains close working relations with ICAO on a wide range of activities. Among others, EASA:
- Works with the European Commission and EASA Member States to coordinate common positions on matters of global nature
- Supports its Member States in implementing the ICAO standards.
- Exchanges safety information with ICAO in order to reduce the burden on its Member States. Specifically, EASA and ICAO have signed a Working Arrangement through which they coordinate their auditing activities. This means that, when inspecting a Member State, EASA may collect evidence needed by ICAO to close their own findings or assess the level of compliance with ICAO standards.
- Provides technical expertise to ICAO activities. EASA experts take part in the work of around 50 ICAO panels, committees, working groups, study groups and task forces. Additionally, under the Working Arrangement mentioned above, EASA staff are trained as ICAO auditors and take part in USOAP audits (ICAO’s Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme) in the EASA states and elsewhere.